occupational therapists help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social
situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults
experiencing physical and cognitive changes.
Occupational therapy services may include comprehensive evaluations of the client’s home and other
environments (e.g., workplace, school), recommendations for adaptive equipment and training in its use, and guidance and education for family members and caregivers.
Occupational therapy practitioners have a holistic perspective, in which the focus is on adapting the environment to fit the person, and the person is an integral part of the therapy team.
Benefits Of Occupational Therapy For Children
Kids occupational therapy has numerous benefits. The therapy is used for a wide
range of diseases and disorders and prepares the kids to lead healthy and normal
life. Some of the benefits are as follows.
General Activities of Daily Life:
The list starts with providing aid to the young ones facing difficulties in daily
activities like brushing, dressing, toileting, writing, drawing, etc. The therapy helps
develop these self-help skills in the children.
Sensory Processing Issues:
It is generally observed that children with sensory processing issues are unable to
synthesize information in the basic five senses i.e. sight, smell, touch, hear, and
taste. These children may experience over-sensitivity, under-sensitivity, or both at
different places like school, home, or anywhere. These kids often feel difficulty in
paying attention and get distracted by a loud fire alarm and other such things. They
also try to avoid recess and activities going on around them.
Occupational therapy can help those young ones regain the skills and addresses the
issue in a proper manner.
Kids with Cerebral Palsy:
The occupational therapy is also beneficial for the ones suffering from cerebral
palsy, muscular dystrophy, and other disorders in which the kid needs a
wheelchair. The OT practitioner teaches the kid to use the wheelchair in a proper
manner and come for the lunch, make for the class on time, get things out from
their locker, and more.
Kids with Autistic Spectrum Disorder:
Autism and SPD (Sensory Processing Disorder) are somewhat related
but are not same. Kids with SPD may not suffer from autism, but the reverse may
be true. The kid suffering from SPD has trouble communicating other people,
limited play skills, less interest in activities, etc. The occupational therapy
practitioner can help gain these skills by observing the child’s behavior and
developing a plan for them. The OT uses different sets of methods and plans, and
there is no such single ideal program. These may include activities to help with
interaction, puzzles to develop coordination and awareness and more.
Fine and Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor skill involves the movement of muscles in arms, legs, etc. whereas
fine muscle skills involve the use of small muscles in forearm and fingers. Kids
having trouble with these skills may experience difficulty in walking, bicycling,
and other. Occupational therapy can be used to deal with the condition and
eventually eradicate it.